September 2020
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Exposure to Heat



Physical Assessment

Look and feel for:

  • Heavy sweating
  • Pale, cool, moist skin or very warm skin
  • Hot, dry skin may indicate a critical emergency
  • Weakness, exhaustion, dizziness
  • Muscle cramps
  • Diminishing level of responsiveness

Care for the Patient

  • Move the patient from the hot environment to a cooler location.
  • Have the patient lie down and elevate the legs.
  • Give water if patient is alert.
  • Direct pressure applied to cramping muscles may help.
  • If patient does not improve with rest or fluids, seek additional medical help.

Reminders for Students

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Slow down, walk or rest

Important Helmet Safety



Helmets are the best way to protect children from head injury during certain activities, such as riding a bike, scooter or skateboard, in-line skating, skiing or snowboarding.

Helmets work best when they are the right size and are worn correctly. A helmet should have a snug fit to the head and be stable enough to stay in place even during a traumatic fall.  In addition, the helmet should be worn low on the head to protect as much of the rider’s head as possible and the chin straps should be comfortably snug.

Make sure your child’s helmet is the right size and is worn properly during any of these activities.

For more information on helmet and bike safety, visit the Bike Transportation Alliance website at



          Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute   

Helmet Fit Checklist


___ Level – The helmet should be level on the rider’s head.

___ Rim barely visible – When the rider looks up the front rim should be barely visible to their eye

___ Y below the ear – The Y of the side straps should meet just below the ear

___ Snug strap – The chin strap should be snug against the chin so that when the rider opens their mouth very wide the helmet pulls down a little bit.

___ Skin moves a little – Move the helmet side to side and front to back, watching the skin around the rider’s eyebrows. It should move slightly with the helmet. If it does not, the fit pads are probably too thin in front or back, or the helmet may even be too large.

___ Stabilizer snug – If there is a rear stabilizer; make it snug under the bulge on the rear of the head.

___ Palm test – Have the rider put their palm on the front of the helmet and push up and back. If it moves more than an inch more fitting is required.

___ Shake test – Have the rider shake their head around. This can be fun. If the helmet dislodges, work on the strap adjustments.

___ Is it comfortable? – Ask the rider if the helmet is comfortable and check to make sure there are no comfort issues that still need to be addressed.



Note: Be ready to switch – Not all helmets fit all heads. Be prepared to use a different helmet if the one you are fitting just will not work for this rider.